Over the past five years, the Remediation and Environmental Cleanup Services industry has grown by 1.6%. One of the biggest reasons for this is because for many people, it is a necessity. Certain large events, such as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill stick out in our memories. Other parts of the country, such as the Rust Belt, are not victims of a single event but of a long, slow environmental decline.
Whatever the case may be, there is a chance that the land you want to buy or sell is contaminated. The Environmental Protection Agency reported tracking 23 million acres of land nationwide. Some areas are more prone to environmental contamination than others, but it is important to understand that land can be polluted from a wide variety of sources. Some of these sources can be natural.
As part of our dedication to you, we want to help you understand what you can do if your land is contaminated. Keep reading for the different types of remediation, and why they matter.
Groundwater remediation is the process of treating polluted water below the earth. There is water underground in many different parts of the country, and some of it is contaminated. Some pollutants can be removed directly, while others can be converted into harmless products. A few different practices can cause water to be contaminated. Runoff from farms, leaking landfills, and industrial spills can cause water to become harmful.
Underground water contamination is important because water naturally harbors certain types of diseases. E. coli, among others, can be found in water. Additionally, water flows. While this may seem obvious, it is important to keep in mind that an underwater aquifer is a highway for pollutants. Something nasty could be deposited on your land. This can cause serious, and long-term problems.
Surface Water Remediation
Surface water remediation is very similar to groundwater remediation, except it is far easier to access water above the soil. Surface water is exposed to many different elements. Still water is a natural breeding ground for insects, bacteria, and other things which are generally harmful to humans.
Surface water remediation matters because humans are more likely to come in contact with surface water than they are with groundwater. Problems are a little bit simpler to find, and it may be a little bit easier to take care of them as well.
Soil remediation is the process of removing contaminants from soil. Hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and creosote all present problems for property owners. There are a few different methods of fixing soil. You can do it using natural means, such as using certain types of bacteria. Additionally, thermal soil remediation, air sparging, and encapsulation may be effective. The most immediate type of remediation is removal of the contaminated soil and replacement with clean fill.
Soil contamination has serious, long-term, and deleterious effects on ecosystems and property. Many animals absorb soil contamination in one form or another, and soil contamination can cause massive die-offs. This, in turn, can cause more problems. Humans may become permanently sick due to soil contamination.
This one is a mix of water and soil remediation. When you mix the two, new circumstances are created, and thus new problems may arise. The EPA defines contaminated sediment as soil, sand, organic matter, or other material that accumulates at the bottom of a water body that contains toxic materials at high levels.
Sediment remediation matters because it can affect both the water and the soil. It can be contaminated by both as well.
EPAC Environmental Services can do your environmental consulting today. If you have any questions about remediation or what we can do, contact us. We are certified professionals, and we want to help you out.